Chail Wildlife Sanctuary
Chail is a beautiful and famous hill station near Shimla in Himachal Pradesh. One of the main tourist attractions of Chail is its wildlife sanctuary. The Chail Sanctuary is located amidst the forests of Pine and Oak trees. The wildlife Chail Sanctuary comprises of mammals mainly which includes rhesus macaque, leopard, Indian Muntjac (Barking Deer) and goral crested porcupine. Other animals found at Chail sanctuary in Himachal are Himalayan black bear, wild boar, common langur, sambar etc. There are trekking provisions in this wildlife sanctuary of Himachal Pradesh to make the trip more adventurous and interesting. Chir Pheasant breeding farm is another tourist attraction of the Chail Sanctuary.
Surrounded by Deodar and Oak forests, Chail Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Solan valley of Himachal Pradesh. Established in the year 1976, the sanctuary is spread over a sprawling area of 10,854.36 hectares, barking deer and kalijin being the major attractions of the sanctuary.
It is also home to rare orchids and several endangered species of wildlife. Ranging from large mammals like Rhesus Macaque, Leopard, Indian Muntjac, Goral and Crested Porcupine, one can also find Himalayan Black Bear, Wild Boar and common Langur here. People visiting this place must also come to the Chir Pheasant Breeding and Rehabilitation Center, which was set up in 1988 at Bossom and Jhajja.
The best time to visit Chail Wildlife Sanctuary is from March to October. Accessibility to this Wildlife Sanctuary is possible via Kalka-Shimla route. About 40 kms from Shimla, the sanctuary is well-connected by road to all the nearby places.
Himalayan National Park
Located in the serene and pleasant region of Kullu in Himachal Pradesh, this park occupies a total area of 1,171 sq. kms. Established in 1984, the park lies at an altitude of 1500-1600metres. A wide variety of wild species can be found in this one of the most beautiful parks of in India.
The park houses 375 species of fauna constituting 31 mammals, 181 birds, 3 reptiles, 9 amphibians, 11 annelids, 17 mollusks and 127 insects. Protected under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, multiple variety of plant life is also present here.
Some of the major rivers, which form part of this park, are Jiwa, Sainj and Tirthan. Mammals, ranging from mountain goats like Bharal, Goral and Serrow to Brown Bear, all can be found here. One can not afford to miss the rare Snow Leopard here.
Varieties of Pheasants like Monal, Khalij, Cheer and Tragopan are also available here. With huge Alpine trees and Coniferous forests, the Park is a rich source of honey, fruit nuts, and plenty of fuel wood for the locals. Many medicinal herbs can also be obtained from here. Occupying a total area of 765 kms, the park is about 60 kms from Kullu and can be visited both in summers and winters.